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Ankara, formerly known as the Turkish capital, Angora, is located in the northwest of the country.
The city is about 200 kilometers south of the Black Sea, near the rivers Hatip, Aansu and Ubek.
In 1354 the city was captured by Orhan (Orkhan), the second sultan of the Ottoman dynasty, and in 1360 it became part of the Ottoman domains.
In 1403 it was again subordinated to the Ottoman government and regained its importance as a commercial and urban center in the following centuries due to being located on the caravan route to the east.
After World War I, Turkish nationalist leader Mustafa Kemal Ataturk transformed Ankara into the center of the resistance movement against the Ottoman Sultanate and Greek invaders.
He established his headquarters in 1919 and Ankara was declared the capital of Turkey in 1923.
The architecture of today’s city reflects its diverse history.
Remains of Roman times include a bath, Julian pillar, and Roman and Augustus temples.
The remains of the Byzantine period include a citadel and a cemetery throughout the city.
Other monuments in the city include a minaret near the walled citadel and a Seljuk period.
There are countless Ottoman buildings, including the Haj Bayram Mosque as well as the Mahmoud Pasha and Korsonlu Han bazaars, two 15th-century buildings that have become the Museum of Anatolian Civilizations.
The modern city of Ankara contains the large Ataturk tomb complex.
Its main business is government, but Ankara is Turkey’s second most important industrial city after Istanbul.
Wine and beer factories, flour, sugar, pasta products, biscuits, milk, cement, terrazzo, building materials and tractors are located in the city.
Ankara is also expanding rapidly in terms of services and tourism.
The city is an important crossroad for trade and forms a major junction on the Turkish road network.
The city lies on the east-west main railway line across Anatolia.
Esenboğa Airport in the northeast of this city offers international services.
It is the seat of the University of Ankara (founded 1946), the University of Hauptpe (1967) and the Middle East Technical University (1956).
The National Library and cultural centers are also located, like the State Theater and the Presidential Symphony Orchestra.
Many of Ankara’s museums, displaying Anatolian history, are housed in reconstructed Ottoman buildings.
The most important are the Museum of Anatolian Civilizations (with the world-famous Hittite Collection) and the Museum of Ethnography (with assets related to Turkish history, popular culture and art).
The Ataturk Tomb contains the Ataturk Museum, which exhibits many of Ataturk’s personal effects.
Ankara Tourism Attractions:
Ankara is located in a country full of treasures and history like Turkey.
The city has many recreational and exotic places and can be ideal for those who have time for a few days of fun.
Citadel of Ankara:
When Kemal Atatürk was trying to rebuild the country and cut ties with the Ottoman past, it was recognized as the capital of Turkey.
Seattle’s historical sites and tourist attractions in Seattle include:
• Citadel with Command Place at the top of the hill
The citadel (called a fence or staircase), the lower of which is more prominent than the upper part
• Narrow streets with interesting shops
• There is a real functioning village inside the walls.
• Several varied stores
• The Gramophone Cafe is like a strange museum full of gramophones, old radios and Elvis records.
Old Ankara Neighborhoods:
At the base of the citadel near Ulus Square is one of Ankara’s oldest and most conservative neighborhoods, with old men in long gray beards and scarf-wearing women.
You can get Turkish coffee for free.
Ankara has beautiful parks that were established in the early years of the republic and were well taken care of.
Some of them are:
• Gexo Park
• Youth Park
• Gençlik Parkı, an amusement park with a large swimming pool for sailing
• Botanical Garden
• Seğmenler Park
• Anayaasa Park
• Abdi Park
• Gexo Park
• Park Gençlik was depicted on 100 Turkish Lira notes in 1952-1976.
Ataturk Farm & Zoo:
The site is a vast recreational farming area with a zoo, several small farms, greenhouses, restaurants, a dairy farm and a beer factory.
It is a great place to spend a day with family, whether for a picnic, hiking, biking or just enjoying good food and nature.
There is also an exact replica of the house that Ataturk was born in 1881 in Thessaloniki, Greece.